The U.S. Women's National Team has taken part in the International Ice Hockey Federation Women's World Championship since it began in 1990. The tournament initially took place in 1990, 1992, 1994 and 1997 until it became a sport in the Olympic Winter Games in 1998. Since that time, the IIHF Women's World Championship has taken place annually with the exception of an Olympic year when it is not held.
The U.S. has played Canada in the gold medal game in all 18 of the events, capturing the event’s top prize the last four years and now a total of eight times (2005, 2008, 2009, 2011, 2013, 2015, 2016, 2017), including seven of the last eight tournaments and eight of the last 10. Team USA is 71-4-6-8-1 (W-OTW-OTL-L-T) in 90 career games and has outscored their opponents 593-135.